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DT_String.py

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"$Id: DT_String.py,v 1.1 2003/04/16 02:53:49 sc Exp $"

from string import split, strip
import regex, ts_regex

from DT_Util import ParseError, InstanceDict, TemplateDict, render_blocks, str
from DT_Var import Var, Call, Comment
from DT_Return import ReturnTag, DTReturn

_marker = []  # Create a new marker object.

00096 class String:
    """Document templates defined from strings.

    Document template strings use an extended form of python string
    formatting.  To insert a named value, simply include text of the
    form: '%(name)x', where 'name' is the name of the value and 'x' is
    a format specification, such as '12.2d'.

    To intrduce a block such as an 'if' or an 'in' or a block continuation,
    such as an 'else', use '[' as the format specification.  To
    terminate a block, ise ']' as the format specification, as in::

      %(in results)[
        %(name)s
      %(in results)]

    """ 

    isDocTemp=1

    # Document Templates masquerade as functions:
    class func_code: pass
    func_code=func_code()
    func_code.co_varnames='self','REQUEST'
    func_code.co_argcount=2
    func_code.__roles__=()
    
    func_defaults__roles__=()
    func_defaults=()

    errQuote__roles__=()
    def errQuote(self, s): return s

    parse_error__roles__=()
    def parse_error(self, mess, tag, text, start):
        raise ParseError, "%s, for tag %s, on line %s of %s<p>" % (
            mess, self.errQuote(tag), len(split(text[:start],'\n')),
            self.errQuote(self.__name__))

    commands__roles__=()
    commands={
        'var': Var,
        'call': Call,
        'in': ('in', 'DT_In','In'),
        'with': ('with', 'DT_With','With'),
        'if': ('if', 'DT_If','If'),
        'unless': ('unless', 'DT_If','Unless'),
        'else': ('else', 'DT_If','Else'),
        'comment': Comment,
        'raise': ('raise', 'DT_Raise','Raise'),
        'try': ('try', 'DT_Try','Try'),
        'let': ('let', 'DT_Let', 'Let'),
        'return': ReturnTag,
        }

    SubTemplate__roles__=()
    def SubTemplate(self, name):
        return String('', __name__=name)

    tagre__roles__=()
    def tagre(self):
        return regex.symcomp(
            '%('                                     # beginning
            '\(<name>[a-zA-Z0-9_/.-]+\)'                       # tag name
            '\('
            '[\0- ]+'                                # space after tag name
            '\(<args>\([^)"]+\("[^"]*"\)?\)*\)'      # arguments
            '\)?'
            ')\(<fmt>[0-9]*[.]?[0-9]*[a-z]\|[]![]\)' # end
            , regex.casefold) 

    _parseTag__roles__=()
    def _parseTag(self, tagre, command=None, sargs='', tt=type(())):
        tag, args, command, coname = self.parseTag(tagre,command,sargs)
        if type(command) is tt:
            cname, module, name = command
            d={}
            # Subtlety: in these calls, globals() is not modified, but it
            # provides module context for the import statement (so it knows
            # to check the same directory as this file was found in).
            try:
                exec 'from %s import %s' % (module, name) in globals(), d
            except ImportError:
                exec 'from DocumentTemplate.%s import %s' % (module, name) in globals(), d
            command=d[name]
            self.commands[cname]=command
        return tag, args, command, coname

    parseTag__roles__=()
00185     def parseTag(self, tagre, command=None, sargs=''):
        """Parse a tag using an already matched re

        Return: tag, args, command, coname

        where: tag is the tag,
               args is the tag\'s argument string,
               command is a corresponding command info structure if the
                  tag is a start tag, or None otherwise, and
               coname is the name of a continue tag (e.g. else)
                 or None otherwise
        """
        tag, name, args, fmt =tagre.group(0, 'name', 'args', 'fmt')
        args=args and strip(args) or ''

        if fmt==']':
            if not command or name != command.name:
                raise ParseError, ('unexpected end tag', tag)
            return tag, args, None, None
        elif fmt=='[' or fmt=='!':
            if command and name in command.blockContinuations:

                if name=='else' and args:
                    # Waaaaaah! Have to special case else because of
                    # old else start tag usage. Waaaaaaah!
                    l=len(args)
                    if not (args==sargs or
                            args==sargs[:l] and sargs[l:l+1] in ' \t\n'):
                        return tag, args, self.commands[name], None

                return tag, args, None, name

            try: return tag, args, self.commands[name], None
            except KeyError:
                raise ParseError, ('Unexpected tag', tag)
        else:
            # Var command
            args=args and ("%s %s" % (name, args)) or name
            return tag, args, Var, None

    varExtra__roles__=()
    def varExtra(self,tagre):
        return tagre.group('fmt')

    parse__roles__=()
    def parse(self,text,start=0,result=None,tagre=None):
        if result is None: result=[]
        if tagre is None: tagre=self.tagre()
        l=tagre.search(text,start)
        while l >= 0:

            try: tag, args, command, coname = self._parseTag(tagre)
            except ParseError, m: self.parse_error(m[0],m[1],text,l)

            s=text[start:l]
            if s: result.append(s)
            start=l+len(tag)

            if hasattr(command,'blockContinuations'):
                start=self.parse_block(text, start, result, tagre,
                                       tag, l, args, command)
            else:
                try:
                    if command is Var: r=command(args, self.varExtra(tagre))
                    else: r=command(args)
                    if hasattr(r,'simple_form'): r=r.simple_form
                    result.append(r)
                except ParseError, m: self.parse_error(m[0],tag,text,l)

            l=tagre.search(text,start)

        text=text[start:]
        if text: result.append(text)
        return result

    skip_eol__roles__=()
    def skip_eol(self, text, start, eol=regex.compile('[ \t]*\n')):
        # if block open is followed by newline, then skip past newline
        l=eol.match(text,start)
        if l > 0: start=start+l
        return start

    parse_block__roles__=()
    def parse_block(self, text, start, result, tagre,
                    stag, sloc, sargs, scommand):

        start=self.skip_eol(text,start)

        blocks=[]
        tname=scommand.name
        sname=stag
        sstart=start
        sa=sargs
        while 1:

            l=tagre.search(text,start)
            if l < 0: self.parse_error('No closing tag', stag, text, sloc)

            try: tag, args, command, coname= self._parseTag(tagre,scommand,sa)
            except ParseError, m: self.parse_error(m[0],m[1], text, l)
            
            if command:
                start=l+len(tag)
                if hasattr(command, 'blockContinuations'):
                    # New open tag.  Need to find closing tag.
                    start=self.parse_close(text, start, tagre, tag, l,
                                           command, args)
            else:
                # Either a continuation tag or an end tag
                section=self.SubTemplate(sname)
                section._v_blocks=section.blocks=self.parse(text[:l],sstart)
                section._v_cooked=None
                blocks.append((tname,sargs,section))
    
                start=self.skip_eol(text,l+len(tag))

                if coname:
                    tname=coname
                    sname=tag
                    sargs=args
                    sstart=start
                else:
                    try:
                        r=scommand(blocks)
                        if hasattr(r,'simple_form'): r=r.simple_form
                        result.append(r)
                    except ParseError, m: self.parse_error(m[0],stag,text,l)

                    return start

    parse_close__roles__=()
    def parse_close(self, text, start, tagre, stag, sloc, scommand, sa):
        while 1:
            l=tagre.search(text,start)
            if l < 0: self.parse_error('No closing tag', stag, text, sloc)

            try: tag, args, command, coname= self._parseTag(tagre,scommand,sa)
            except ParseError, m: self.parse_error(m[0],m[1], text, l)

            start=l+len(tag)
            if command:
                if hasattr(command, 'blockContinuations'):
                    # New open tag.  Need to find closing tag.
                    start=self.parse_close(text, start, tagre, tag, l,
                                           command,args)
            elif not coname: return start

    shared_globals__roles__=()
    shared_globals={}

00335     def __init__(self, source_string='', mapping=None, __name__='<string>',
                 **vars):
        """\
        Create a document template from a string.

        The optional parameter, 'mapping', may be used to provide a
        mapping object containing defaults for values to be inserted.
        """
        self.raw=source_string
        self.initvars(mapping, vars)
        self.setName(__name__)


    def name(self): return self.__name__
    id=name

    setName__roles__=()
    def setName(self,v): self.__dict__['__name__']=v

    default__roles__=()
00355     def default(self,name=None,**kw):
        """\
        Change or query default values in a document template.

        If a name is specified, the value of the named default value
        before the operation is returned.

        Keyword arguments are used to provide default values.
        """
        if name: name=self.globals[name]
        for key in kw.keys(): self.globals[key]=kw[key]
        return name

    var__roles__=()
00369     def var(self,name=None,**kw):
        """\
        Change or query a variable in a document template.

        If a name is specified, the value of the named variable before
        the operation is returned.

        Keyword arguments are used to provide variable values.
        """
        if name: name=self._vars[name]
        for key in kw.keys(): self._vars[key]=kw[key]
        return name

    munge__roles__=()
00383     def munge(self,source_string=None,mapping=None,**vars):
        """\
        Change the text or default values for a document template.
        """
        if mapping is not None or vars:
            self.initvars(mapping, vars)
        if source_string is not None: 
            self.raw=source_string
        self.cook()

    manage_edit__roles__=()
    def manage_edit(self,data,REQUEST=None):
        self.munge(data)

    read_raw__roles__=()
    def read_raw(self,raw=None):
        return self.raw

    read__roles__=()
    def read(self,raw=None):
        return self.read_raw()

    cook__roles__=()
    def cook(self,
             cooklock=ts_regex.allocate_lock(),
             ):
        cooklock.acquire()
        try:
            self._v_blocks=self.parse(self.read())
            self._v_cooked=None
        finally:
            cooklock.release()

    initvars__roles__=()
    def initvars(self, globals, vars):
        if globals:
            for k in globals.keys():
                if k[:1] != '_' and not vars.has_key(k): vars[k]=globals[k]
        self.globals=vars
        self._vars={}

    ZDocumentTemplate_beforeRender__roles__ = ()
    def ZDocumentTemplate_beforeRender(self, md, default):
        return default

    ZDocumentTemplate_afterRender__roles__ = ()
    def ZDocumentTemplate_afterRender(self, md, result):
        pass

00432     def __call__(self,client=None,mapping={},**kw):
        '''\
        Generate a document from a document template.

        The document will be generated by inserting values into the
        format string specified when the document template was
        created.  Values are inserted using standard python named
        string formats.

        The optional argument 'client' is used to specify a object
        containing values to be looked up.  Values will be looked up
        using getattr, so inheritence of values is supported.  Note
        that names beginning with '_' will not be looked up from the
        client. 

        The optional argument, 'mapping' is used to specify a mapping
        object containing values to be inserted.

        Values to be inserted may also be specified using keyword
        arguments. 

        Values will be inserted from one of several sources.  The
        sources, in the order in which they are consulted, are:

          o  Keyword arguments,

          o  The 'client' argument,

          o  The 'mapping' argument,

          o  The keyword arguments provided when the object was
             created, and

          o  The 'mapping' argument provided when the template was
             created. 

        '''
        # print '============================================================'
        # print '__called__'
        # print self.raw
        # print kw
        # print client
        # print mapping
        # print '============================================================'

        if mapping is None: mapping = {}

        if not hasattr(self,'_v_cooked'):
            try: changed=self.__changed__()
            except: changed=1
            self.cook()
            if not changed: self.__changed__(0)

        pushed=None
        try:
            if mapping.__class__ is TemplateDict: pushed=0
        except: pass

        globals=self.globals
        if pushed is not None:
            # We were passed a TemplateDict, so we must be a sub-template
            md=mapping
            push=md._push
            if globals:
                push(self.globals)
                pushed=pushed+1
        else:
            md=TemplateDict()
            push=md._push
            shared_globals=self.shared_globals
            if shared_globals: push(shared_globals)
            if globals: push(globals)
            if mapping:
                push(mapping)
            md.validate=self.validate
            if client is not None:
                if type(client)==type(()):
                    md.this=client[-1]
                else: md.this=client
            pushed=0

        level=md.level
        if level > 200: raise SystemError, (
            'infinite recursion in document template')
        md.level=level+1

        if client is not None:
            if type(client)==type(()):
                # if client is a tuple, it represents a "path" of clients
                # which should be pushed onto the md in order.
                for ob in client:
                    push(InstanceDict(ob, md)) # Circ. Ref. 8-|
                    pushed=pushed+1
            else:
                # otherwise its just a normal client object.
                push(InstanceDict(client, md)) # Circ. Ref. 8-|
                pushed=pushed+1
                
        if self._vars: 
            push(self._vars)
            pushed=pushed+1

        if kw:
            push(kw)
            pushed=pushed+1

        try:
            value = self.ZDocumentTemplate_beforeRender(md, _marker)
            if value is _marker:
                try: result = render_blocks(self._v_blocks, md)
                except DTReturn, v: result = v.v
                self.ZDocumentTemplate_afterRender(md, result)
                return result
            else:
                return value
        finally:
            if pushed: md._pop(pushed) # Get rid of circular reference!
            md.level=level # Restore previous level

    validate__roles__=()
    validate=None

    def __str__(self):
        return self.read()

    def __getstate__(self, _special=('_v_', '_p_')):
        # Waaa, we need _v_ behavior but we may not subclass Persistent
        d={}
        for k, v in self.__dict__.items():
            if k[:3] in _special: continue
            d[k]=v
        return d

class FileMixin:
    # Mix-in class to abstract certain file-related attributes
    edited_source=''
    
    def __init__(self, file_name='', mapping=None, __name__='', **vars):
        """\
        Create a document template based on a named file.

        The optional parameter, 'mapping', may be used to provide a
        mapping object containing defaults for values to be inserted.
        """
        self.raw=file_name
        self.initvars(mapping, vars)
        self.setName(__name__ or file_name)

    read_raw__roles__=()
    def read_raw(self):
        if self.edited_source: return self.edited_source
        if self.raw: return open(self.raw,'r').read()
        return ''

00586 class File(FileMixin, String):
    """\
    Document templates read from files.

    If the object is pickled, the file name, rather
    than the file contents is pickled.  When the object is
    unpickled, then the file will be re-read to obtain the string.
    Note that the file will not be read until the document
    template is used the first time.
    """
    manage_edit__roles__=()
    def manage_edit(self,data): raise TypeError, 'cannot edit files'

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